THIS MATERIAL IS A MARKETING COMMUNICATION.
Introduction of China’s Logistics Industry
Logistics is the backbone of the fast-growing e-commerce industry in China, improving the connectivity of businesses across the globe. The industry is also an important enabler for more complex supply chains and value-added services in China. For instance, air transportation, pick-up lockers and cold chain capabilities for temperature-sensitive packages are now part and parcel of the fast-growing logistics industry.
As online shopping penetration continues to rise in China, delivery services are critical to online businesses that require timely and cost-effective ways to deliver products. On average over 200 million express parcels are shipped every day across China, with around 70% derived from e-commerce transactions.1 The express delivery industry in China has expanded over the past decade, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 43% during 2010-2020.2 This is broadly consistent with China’s e-commerce gross merchandise value’s (GMV’s) compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 37% during the same period.3
A Tale of Two Business Models
In China, express delivery companies typically operate under one of two business models, direct ownership, or a franchise model. The top industry players that we’re following closely and operate under the direct-ownership model include SF Holding, JD logistics, EMS, and China Air Express. These companies often own the logistics infrastructure and can control the delivery process and services. This is particularly suitable for time-sensitive and bulkier deliveries that are often in high demand from businesses. By offering a competitive and premium service, companies under the direct-ownership model often have the flexibility to charge higher premiums and earn a higher profit per parcel.
In comparison, franchise owners including ZTO, Yunda, YTO and STO can often scale operations at a rapid pace and offer a cheaper service for smaller parcels, though the quality of service may vary across a franchise.
Many express delivery companies across China have expanded aggressively over the last few years, as a result of the aforementioned franchise model and market consolidation. The top five players accounted for 73% of parcel volume in 2020 vs. 57% in 2017.4 These companies were able to benefit from the scale expansion through higher utilisation of logistic capacities, coupled with lower unit fixed costs.
During periods of market consolidation, the environment can often spawn a “race to the bottom” through hyper-competitive pricing targeted towards smaller parcels, where customers are generally more price sensitive. The reach of the growing logistics network in China encompasses those businesses in the major cities, as well as those in the rural areas. As market consolidation continues and competitor dynamics settle, we could see the top market players regain pricing power and improve per-parcel profitability.
January 11, 2022
Staying Ahead with Mirae Asset’s Latest Insights
1. Sources: State Post Bureau, 2021. Goldman Sachs, 2020.
2. Source: State Post Bureau, 2021.
3. Source: National Bureau of Statistics, 2021.
4. Source: State Post Bureau, 2021.
Disclaimer & Information for Investors
No distribution, solicitation or advice: This document is provided for information and illustrative purposes and is intended for your use only. It is not a solicitation, offer or recommendation to buy or sell any security or other financial instrument. The information contained in this document has been provided as a general market commentary only and does not constitute any form of regulated financial advice, legal, tax or other regulated service.
The views and information discussed or referred in this document are as of the date of publication. Certain of the statements contained in this document are statements of future expectations and other forward-looking statements. Views, opinions and estimates may change without notice and are based on a number of assumptions which may or may not eventuate or prove to be accurate. Actual results, performance or events may differ materially from those in such statements. In addition, the opinions expressed may differ from those of other Mirae Asset Global Investments’ investment professionals.
Investment involves risk: Past performance is not indicative of future performance. It cannot be guaranteed that the performance of the Fund will generate a return and there may be circumstances where no return is generated or the amount invested is lost. It may not be suitable for persons unfamiliar with the underlying securities or who are unwilling or unable to bear the risk of loss and ownership of such investment. Before making any investment decision, investors should read the Prospectus for details and the risk factors. Investors should ensure they fully understand the risks associated with the Fund and should also consider their own investment objective and risk tolerance level. Investors are advised to seek independent professional advice before making any investment.
Sources: Information and opinions presented in this document have been obtained or derived from sources which in the opinion of Mirae Asset Global Investments (“MAGI”) are reliable, but we make no representation as to their accuracy or completeness. We accept no liability for a loss arising from the use of this document.
Products, services and information may not be available in your jurisdiction and may be offered by affiliates, subsidiaries and/or distributors of MAGI as stipulated by local laws and regulations. Please consult with your professional adviser for further information on the availability of products and services within your jurisdiction. This document is issued by Mirae Asset Global Investments (HK) Limited and has not been reviewed by the Securities and Futures Commission.
Information for EU investors pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2019/1156: This document is a marketing communication and is intended for Professional Investors only. A Prospectus is available for the Mirae Asset Global Discovery Fund (the “Company”) a société d'investissement à capital variable (SICAV) domiciled in Luxembourg structured as an umbrella with a number of sub-funds. Key Investor Information Documents (“KIIDs”) are available for each share class of each of the sub-funds of the Company.
The Company’s Prospectus and the KIIDs can be obtained from www.am.miraeasset.eu/fund-literature/ . The Prospectus is available in English, French, German, and Danish, while the KIIDs are available in one of the official languages of each of the EU Member States into which each sub-fund has been notified for marketing under the Directive 2009/65/EC (the “UCITS Directive”). Please refer to the Prospectus and the KIID before making any final investment decisions.
A summary of investor rights is available in English from www.am.miraeasset.eu/investor-rights-summary/.
The sub-funds of the Company are currently notified for marketing into a number of EU Member States under the UCITS Directive. FundRock Management Company can terminate such notifications for any share class and/or sub-fund of the Company at any time using the process contained in Article 93a of the UCITS Directive.
Hong Kong: This document is intended for Hong Kong investors. Before making any investment decision to invest in the Fund, Investors should read the Fund’s Prospectus and the information for Hong Kong investors (of applicable) of the Fund for details and the risk factors. The individual and Mirae Asset Global Investments (Hong Kong) Limited may hold the individual securities mentioned. This document is issued by Mirae Asset Global Investments (HK) Limited and has not been reviewed by the Securities and Futures Commission.
Copyright 2023. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without express written permission of Mirae Asset Global Investments (Hong Kong) Limited.